Hydrogen Energy Storage Market Size (By State: Liquid, Solid, Gas; By Storage Technology: Compression, Liquefaction and Material Based; By End-user: Industrial, Commercial, and Utility) – Global Industry Analysis, Market Size, Opportunities and Forecast, 2021 – 2028

Category : Energy and Power | Published at : February-2022 | Delivery Format : PDF | Status: Published | Pages : 250

The global hydrogen energy storage market accounted for US$ 14,415 Mn in 2020 and is expected to reach US$ 23,103 Mn by 2028 with a considerable CAGR of 6.3% during the forecast period of 2021 to 2028.

Global Hydrogen Energy Storage Market Research Report 2021 - 2028

Hydrogen is a versatile energy carrier that may be created from a variety of sources and offers a variety of long-term energy storage options. For use in fuel cells, turbines, or internal combustion engines, hydrogen can be compressed, liquefied, or stored in solid or liquid form. The manufacturing and storage of hydrogen are the two biggest challenges. Approximately 48% of hydrogen is created from natural gas (NG) via steam methane reforming (SMR), 30% is a by-product of petroleum refining, 18% is derived from coal, and 4% is produced by water electrolysis. In the United States, oil refineries and ammonia plants create 59 percent of hydrogen, while catalytic reforming at oil refineries and Chlor-alkali plants produces about 36 percent.

Hydrogen is considered to be a critical energy storage vector for fully utilizing the benefits of renewable and sustainable energy. Hydrogen-related technologies have advanced rapidly in recent decades. Hydrogen energy storage systems provide numerous opportunities for improving the resilience and economics of energy supply systems such as the electric grid, gas pipeline systems, and transportation fuels. This is especially true when considering specific social goals and market drivers such as lowering carbon emissions, increasing supply reliability, and reducing consumption of traditional petroleum fuels.

Report Coverage: 

Market Hydrogen Energy Storage Market
Market Size 2020 US $14,415Mn 
Market Forecast 2028 US $23,103Mn
CAGR 6.3 % During 2021 - 2028
Analysis Period 2017 - 2028
Base Year 2020
Forecast Data 2021 - 2028
Segments Covered By State, By Storage Technology, By End-User, and By Geography
Regional Scope North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa
Key Companies Profiled Air Liquide, Air Products, Inc., Cummins, Inc., Engie, ITM Power, Iwatani Corp., Linde plc, Nedstack Fuel Cell Technology BV, Nel ASA, Steelhead Composites, Inc., and others.
Report Coverage
Market Trends, Drivers, Restraints, Competitive Analysis, Player Profiling, Regulation Analysis
Customization Scope

10 hrs of free customization and expert consultation


  • Increase in use of stored hydrogen for stationary and backup power application.
  • Increase in application of hydrogen storage as a replacement of fossil fuel in different end-users


  • High cost of hydrogen energy storage and presence of other efficient renewable energy technologies


  • Commercialization of vehicles using hydrogen as a fuel and their acceptance in the market

Hydrogen's extensive usage in the global economy has two major challenges: (1) the cost of producing hydrogen from low-carbon sources, and (2) the sluggish development of hydrogen infrastructure, which is preventing universal acceptance. The cost of constructing hydrogen distribution infrastructure and transporting hydrogen over long distances are significant financial obstacles to the adoption of hydrogen-based technologies. Furthermore, large-scale central production will rely on market volumes to pay for capital expenditures associated with capacity expansion. Water electrolysis using renewable electricity could produce carbon-neutral hydrogen in the future. This distributed technique of hydrogen production employing electrolyzer units is seen as a promising short- to medium-term solution for hydrogen supply.

Hydrogen Energy Storage Market 2021 - 2028

Hydrogen Energy: Fuel of the Future

Hydrogen and energy have a long history together, dating back over 200 years to the first internal combustion engines and continuing to become a critical component of today's refining industry. It is lightweight, storable, and energy-dense, with no direct pollutant or greenhouse gas emissions. Hydrogen must be adopted in sectors where it is currently almost non-existent, such as transportation, buildings, and power generation, to make a significant contribution to clean energy transitions. When hydrogen is combusted with oxygen, it becomes an energy carrier that can be used in internal combustion engines or fuel cells while emitting almost no greenhouse gases. Water vapor is the only significant emission. Furthermore, hydrogen is a versatile energy carrier that can be produced from a variety of energy sources and provides numerous opportunities for long-term energy storage.

Market Segmentation

Market By State

  • Liquid
  • Solid
  • Gas

Based on the state, hydrogen is stored into either a gas or a liquid form. The gas-type hydrogen energy storage segment presently holds significant market share and is expected to hold its dominant position over the forecast period as it is the easiest and cost-effective method compared with the liquefaction of the hydrogen. However, the storage of hydrogen as a gas typically necessitates the use of high-pressure tanks with tank pressures ranging from 350–700 bar [5,000–10,000 psi]. 

Market By Storage Technology

  • Compression
  • Liquefaction
  • Material Based

Based on the storage technology, the compression segment is the most preferred technology for storing hydrogen. The main advantage of using a compressed hydrogen storage system is the ability to quickly refuel vehicles in 3–5 minutes. In recent, 35 and 70 MPa nominal working-pressure compressed gas vessels are used for onboard automotive hydrogen storage. Given that the density of hydrogen deviates from ideal behavior at high pressures and increases much more slowly than the pressure, strong pressure vessels are required to withstand the higher pressures. Government agencies regulate the design and implementation of cylinders, which necessitates specific design standards and certifications.

Market By End-user

  • Industrial
  • Commercial
  • Utility

Based on end-users, the utility segment is expected to grow significantly during the forecasting years. Due to hydrogen, utilities could use excess renewable energy that could be stored long-term for seasonal use or sold to other industries to generate new revenue streams. Furthermore, hydrogen is currently used in a variety of industries, ranging from chemical and refining to metallurgical, glass, and electronics. The primary application of hydrogen is as a reactant. However, it is also used as a fuel in space applications, as an O2 scavenger in metal heat treating, and for its low viscosity and density.

Hydrogen Energy Storage Market Regional Overview

North America

  • U.S.
  • Canada


  • U.K.
  • Germany
  • France
  • Spain
  • Rest of Europe

Latin America

  • Brazil
  • Mexico
  • Rest of Latin America


  • China
  • Japan
  • India
  • Australia
  • South Korea
  • Rest of Asia-Pacific

Middle East & Africa

  • GCC
  • South Africa
  • Rest of Middle East & Africa

Asia-Pacific accounted for the highest revenue share in global hydrogen energy storage market in 2020, owing to the impact of productivity improvements. The Asia-Pacific’s emerging economies are adopting a variety of foreign equipment to increase production efficiency for hydrogen storage. Japan has the most hydrogen fuel stations per capita in the world. There were around 134 operational hydrogen refueling stations in the country as of March 2021 and the country aims to construct over 1,000 more hydrogen refueling stations for fuel-cell vehicles by 2030. During the forecast period, the North America hydrogen energy storage market is expected to grow at a significant CAGR. The rise in fuel cell applications, strict emission control regulations, and the use of cleaner fuels are the major factors driving the growth of hydrogen energy storage market. In the US, the United States Department of Energy (US DOE) had set specific targets for respective market participants in the automotive industry to focus on research and development with an objective to boost successful technical research on hydrogen storage.

Competitive Landscape

Some prominent players in the global hydrogen energy storage market are Air Liquide, Air Products, Inc., Cummins, Inc., Engie, ITM Power, Iwatani Corp., Linde plc, Nedstack Fuel Cell Technology BV, Nel ASA, Steelhead Composites, Inc., and others.

  • Steelhead Composites announced to open a new factory in Wheatridge, Colorado, in November 2021, specializing in the fabrication of composite overwrapped pressure vessels (COPVs) for compressed hydrogen storage.
  • In January 2021, Total and ENGIE are collaborating to build France's largest green hydrogen production facility using 100% renewable electricity. To manage the intermittent production of solar electricity and the biorefinery's demand for constant hydrogen supply, a novel management solution for the production and storage of hydrogen will be adopted.

Frequently Asked Questions

The estimated market size of global Hydrogen Energy Storage market in 2020 was accounted to be USD 14,415 Million.

The projected CAGR of Hydrogen Energy Storage during the analysis period of 2021 to 2028 is 6.3%.

The prominent players of the global Hydrogen Energy Storage marketinvolve Air Liquide, Air Products, Inc., Cummins, Inc., Engie, ITM Power, Iwatani Corp., Linde plc, Nedstack Fuel Cell Technology BV, Nel ASA, Steelhead Composites, Inc. and others.

Asia Pacific held the dominating share for Hydrogen Energy Storage during the analysis period of 2021 to 2028

North America region exhibited fastest growing CAGR for Hydrogen Energy Storage during the analysis period of 2021 to 2028

Increase in use of stored hydrogen for stationary and backup power application and increase in application of hydrogen storage as a replacement of fossil fuel in different end user are the prominent factors that fuel the growth of global Hydrogen Energy Storage market

Based on State, gassegment held the maximum share for Hydrogen Energy Storage market in 2020

Cart Summary